The primary goal of an online course is the same as that of an on-site class: communication of content and achievement of course objectives. However, moving a course online is not as simple as the transfer from one medium to another. The process of conversion requires completing a few steps following the principles of instructional design:
AnalysisDetermine what you are trying to achieve with your instruction, who your students will be, and what are the needs of the class.
DesignDecide the shape and direction of your course. Consider the following:
DevelopmentGather digital and online resources. Create a syllabus, schedule, lecture materials, activites, exams, etc.
Implementation and EvaluationCarry out the instructional sequence to deliver the course you have developed. Evaluate and fine tune. Focus on organization, clarity of materials, quality of activities, level of communication, and overall course satisfaction.
Steps in Transitioning Course Objectives to Online Learning
1. Course Goals and Objectives
What will students be able to do at the end of the course that they could not do before taking it?
Examine your learning objectives and group them in three types:
Consider the different levels at which students can interact with the course content:
If you are not familiar with Bloom's taxonomy, here is more information:
What experiences will help students achieve the learning objectives and course goals?
2. Type of DialogWhat type or types of dialog support the learning of course objectives?
3. Teaching and Learning StrategiesUse a mix of instructional strategies and technologies appropriate to the learning goals and students.
4. AssessmentHow will you and your students know when they have achieved course objectives?
Source: Adapted from Online Teaching Institute at American River College, developed by Dr. Marsha Leeman-Conley
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